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best african cichlids for beginners

Venustus Cichlid (Nimbochromis venustus) also known as Giraffe Cichlid is a popular aquarium cichlid species. These foods will encourage the cichlids’ natural behaviors of sorting through the substrate for food. When they sense movement outside of the tank, they have a tendency to follow it. This varies depending on the individual species and the particular fish, however. Also, use a submersible thermometer that will help you keep a tab on the temperature of the water. Best African Cichlid For Beginners! ... 5 Best Freshwater Fish For Beginners . Research your exact species, because some will grow quite large over time. If you use rocks, make sure you clean them in warm water and a mild soap before introducing them to the tank. The most convenient time to check is in … African cichlids are a larger species of freshwater fish that originate in Africa, Asia, and South America. African cichlids are inquisitive social fish that can be lovely additions to aquariums.Knowing how to care for african cichlids will ensure a healthy habitat. Lamprologus Ocellatus are residents of the African lake of Tanganyika. #5 Best Beginner Fish: Kribensis. #5 Best Beginner Fish: Kribensis. She will release them over time. You should feed small quantities but may feed larger amounts if you are only able to feed once per day. 30-80 gallons, which is too small for the majority of cichlid species, including most riftlake cichlids. Which fish the beginners shouldn’t buy we’ve already discussed here, and now here is the list of 10 most unusual ones.. A larger tank is always recommended, as it will reduce aggression and promote overall tank health. These cichlids are very peaceful. There are well over 1500 species, many of which have yet to be discovered. If females are surrounded by fewer males of their own species, they will become less selective and engage in breeding with other types of cichlids. It’s also important that you provide plenty of spaces in which your cichlids can lay their eggs. The Bolivian ram cichlids can usually be found in yellow and orange colors. Convict cichlids can be kept in semi-aggressive community tanks. The firemouth cichlid has long been a staple in the aquarium hobby, and while it’s not as popular as it once was, it’s still an excellent beginner cichlid. Most African cichlids are mature in about three months and can be bred within a year. For beginner cichlid owners, it is recommended to start with a 30-gallon tank. Aquariums of this size can house smaller cichlid species comfortably. These … Nitrates should always be as close to 0ppm as possible. Apistogramma Agassizii – Care, Size, Tank Mates & Details! Because of their ability to withstand a wide range of water conditions and because they remain small, it’s a species preferred by beginners and people who are not interested in keeping large fish. Because African cichlids tend to dig, you should avoid using an under-gravel filter. These are some of the most common types of cichlids raised in home aquariums. Instead, use an external filter to help prevent damages caused by digging. If you notice any symptoms like frayed or disintegrating fins, redness, white dots, poor swimming patterns, or lethargy, your fish may be coming down with some kind of an illness. Ss a result, some African cichlids will bite, so you need to pay attention to the type you are raising to avoid the potential for any injury. Thirty gallons tends to be enough for one small cichlid, but you should add another three gallons for every cichlid that you add. Fishkeeping News Post Fishkeeping gets caught-up in … Visit our online store and shop from a huge a selection of African Cichlids. Make sure you do your research if you plan on introducing an African peacock cichlid to a preexisting tank. The Kribensis (krib for short) is a dwarf species of cichlid that naturally inhabits the rivers of Africa. Beginner Apistogramma. You can use plants with sturdy, resilient stems, like ferns or sword plants. You should also avoid mixing African cichlids with South American cichlids (like convict cichlids). This will allow them to dig without damaging or scratching their scales. The best bet is to go with less fish. First, make sure you line the bottom of your tank with a good substrate. Best South American Cichlids For Beginners 1. To make sure your cichlids don’t dig up your decorations, consider securing everything safely in the substrate. This group of fish is rather heterogeneous, the… German Blue Ram (Mikrogeophagus ramirezi) German Blue Ram. Jan 23, 2020. cryptidwolves. Gourami Fish – Care, Tank Mates, Types, Habitat & Details! This can cause other fish to be killed, so you will need to include plenty of hiding spaces for your other fish inside the tank. All information, content, materials on this site, or obtained from a website to which the site is linked are provided to you “as is” without warranty of any kind either express or implied. Malawi Mbuna for beginners ok hi guys, i've been thinking about doing this for a bit now. A couple of examples would be the Keyhole cichlid or the Bolivian cichlids. Kribensis cichlids are also a good choice for the beginners. To let the yellow lab cichlids grow to their full potential, they should be kept in 30 gallons tank. To Start. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. African cichlids are highly terrestrial. Search forums. They need places to hide, though, so evaluating your cichlids’ behavior is important in determining which tank decorations you will use. It is considered as dwarf cichlid … African cichlids are voracious eaters and are prone to overeating, but you need to avoid feeding them too much as this can cause health problems. Visit our online store and shop from a huge a selection of African Cichlids. While small yellow cichlids will be content in a smaller thirty-gallon tank, the larger varieties of cichlids will need a fifty gallon tank in order to thrive. This cichlid fish food is a little expensive but it … Aquarium Forum. ... convicts, and angelfish, I was not really sure what the term African cichlids meant. There are well over 1500 species, many of which have yet to be discovered. Cotton wool disease is a common disease that results in white growths all over your fish’s body. Catfish can be an excellent addition to an African Cichlid aquarium. In captivity, it is not uncommon for cichlids to cross-breed. This diverse species of fish includes multiple sub-types, like the peacock cichlid, all of which are colorful and easy to care for. Menu. Any items that are small enough to swallow or can be dislodged from the bottom of the tank can injure your fish. It is incredibly beautiful, sporting a sleek black body and red tail, but it won’t back down when faced with the dominant behavior of an African cichlid. I talk about yellow labs and their requirements for beginners. The outlet from your filter should be enough to mimic the small current found in their environments. pH Level (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Breeding and Lifespans of African Cichlids, The Complete Guide To Caring For And Keeping Plecostomus, The Complete Guide To Caring For And Keeping Guppy, The Ultimate Guide To Raising The Tiger Barb, Top 10 Best Canister Filters for Aquariums On The Market 2021 Review, How To Raise The Axolotl, The Bizarre Mexican Walking Fish, Top 10 Best Betta Fish Tanks In 2021 – Ultimate Reviews, How To Safely And Naturally Lower The pH Of Your Aquarium. These fish prefer soft and acidic environment with a pH of 5-6. The clown loach, for example, is a semi-aggressive fish that can certainly hold its own against the territorial African cichlid. Get the best cichlid books at the best price available in the market. A general rule of thumb is 1 gallon per inch of fish (check out the typical adult sizes). It is better to bring the pet to the vet when the early signs occur. African Cichlids - Mbuna - These are a very common cichlid species for a home aquarium. Others, like the African butterfly, will eat small fish. Males are also known to threaten females in the period immediately after they have been bred. Females may also exhibit coloration, but their shades tend to be lighter and their patterns less noticeable. The Oscar is the best-known and most common pet cichlid. Plecos in particular make great companions for African cichlids, as they dwell on the bottom of your tank (where they are less likely to be disturbed by your cichlids) and will clean up most of the algae within your tank. The Golden Dwarf Cichlid is a very nice little cichlid that is suitable for beginners who want to keep their first cichlids! Gill flukes are flatworm parasites that cover your fish’s gills with slime. We offer a risk-free arrive alive guarantee. After that, the fry will care for themselves and the female will begin to breed again. The African butterfly cichlid is found naturally in the rivers of Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. African cichlids are prone to the same kinds of diseases as many other aquarium fish species. In general, most African cichlids can be fed flake foods. Size: 4-6” Temperament: Semi-Aggressive. Their color intensifies as they grow. Yellow Lab Cichlid (Electric Yellow Cichlid) – Care, Tank Mates, Size & Details! Our aim is to help educate anyone who wants to keep fish. Myself William and I love aquarium fishes! Consider our ultimate African Cichlid care guide to help you begin your large aquarium community today. Each week, you should remove some of the water in your tank (between ten and forty percent, depending on the health and condition of your tank) and replace it with fresh water. This type of African cichlid is one of the easiest to raise for first-time cichlid keepers. When the eggs hatch, a female cichlid will look after the young fry for about a week. Provide a healthy diet for African cichlids that contains the right mix of protein, vegetation, ... Best Selling. An African cichlid mother is very protective, and if her newborn fry are threatened by other fish, the mother will take the young back into her buccal cavity. If you use aquatic plants, select them carefully. People often call this one as Yellow … Top 10 Cichlid Fishes For The Beginners – If you are someone who is planning to keep cichlids but are not sure which ones will be best for beginners, then you are in the right place. You should also use securely placed rocks so that they don’t collapse. Z-A. African Cichlids Sign Diseases. Your fish may also be prone to other diseases, like Malawi Bloat, Swim Bladder Disease, and Tuberculosis. You need to know the exact needs of your cichlids before deciding what to feed them. Xtreme Spirulina Flake. If you are an experienced fish keeper and are looking to branch out within your tank, consider raising African cichlids. Although they can be quite aggressive, if you choose the same typed cichlids they will co-exist very well. A healthy fish will have clear eyes, a strong appetite, and profound coloring. Re: best african cichlid for beginners? We’re happy to have you as part of our community. They do this in anticipation of being fed. Most of them have been found in various parts of Africa, which is how their name was given. The severum cichlids can grow up to 10 cm. African cichlids are inquisitive social fish that can be lovely additions to aquariums.Knowing how to care for african cichlids will ensure a healthy habitat. These fish regenerate their teeth about once every hundred days or so. As a result, you should keep the water in your aquarium moving at all times. They've got the body shape of the bigger cichlids, in a smaller package. They're also a shoaling cichlid, so you could do 5 - 7 … You might think that you are not feeding your African cichlids enough if you see them doing this. You should recreate this environment in your aquarium by included a fine-grained substrate. German Blue Ram. This is the most colorful type of cichlid, but they can be aggressive. This allows them to produce new teeth to replace those that were lost or damaged. # Best Book Beginners Guide To African Cichlid Success # Uploaded By William Shakespeare, beginners guide to african cichlid success volume 2 craig wrightson 50 out of 5 stars 1 kindle edition 501 the … In nature, their colors determine dominance within and among species, where brighter fish are more dominant and paler fish are more submissive. Fortunately for those with aquariums, the krib is readily available in most fish stores in the United States. Their fins often have black tips, but all of these fish have rounded heads and the ability to grow to well over five inches. Convict Cichlid. Electric Blue Hap – Care, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details! If you’re looking to add color and excitement to your fish tank, look no further than the African Cichlid. These fish are found in Africa as well as South America. Here is a step-by-step tutorial on how to set up an eye-catching planted tank for your African cichlids. This fish displays a range of bright colors much like a peacock’s tail, with males displaying significantly more color than the females. The Bolivian ram cichlids are another species of cichlids that are a great choice for beginners. And, the best of all, it is a safe option to consider because your fish won’t suffer from any digestive or bloating problems. These fish are found in Africa as well as South America. $19.99. However, as compared to other cichlids on the list, these are a little difficult to breed. If you are raising small fish, know that there is a good chance that they will be viewed as prey by your African cichlids. In addition, leftover food particles can easily contaminate your tank. The Keyholes and Bolivians both need 30gal to live decently. Malawi bloat, for example, is caused by a poor diet and diminishing water quality. Following is a guide based on my experience in setting up my first African Cichlid tank. That way you can still house a nice number of compatible cichlids to get you started in the hobby. The optimum temperature of the water inside a Cichlid tank has to around 72-82° F (22-28° C). They can easily make each other sick. The most convenient time to check is in feeding time. Great prices and great fish! Below is a table showing their profile. Required fields are marked *. Last but not least the cockatoo cichlids are very attractive and colorful. These fish don’t have specific needs in regards to lighting, but you should try to avoid intense lighting as this can be overwhelming. German Blue Rams are native to the Orinoco River Basin. Convict Cichlids, or Zebra Cichlids, are a great… African Cichlid Tank Beginners Guide. These fish are known for their aggression, behaving in a downright territorial manner particularly when they are mating. Firemouth cichlids are another very popular cichlid fish among beginners. This is a photo of a juvenile, adults develop a darker coloration that is easier… Hola! Your filter must be big enough to process all of the water in the tank three to five times in one hour. During the breeding season, the male cockatoo turns into a vibrant yellowish-orange color. If you are looking for an exciting new addition to your aquarium, and don’t mind a little bit of extra work, African cichlids might be the right choice for you. This will be close to the natural temperature of the cichlid’s native waters. Nevertheless, there are a lot smaller and beginner … Firemouth cichlids are also very easy to keep and breed. Make sure the items are relatively heavy so you don’t have to worry about any injury. Rainbow cichlids are very beginner-friendly, and they tend to breed well in captivity and are hardy for a variety of tank environments. These cichlids are not aggressive and a pair can be kept in 30 gallons tank. The Kribensis cichlids are a great choice if you are looking for cichlids that are very small in size. The Keyhole Cichlid is also one of the most intelligent of the cichlids. They will prefer to eat insects. Flame Tetra (Von Rio Tetra) – Care, Tank Mates, Feeding & Details! Keyholes are a fun cichlid, great for beginners (in the cichlid realm). Don’t add any new fish or decorations, and definitely don’t adjust the water quality, until the breeding has finished. But with the right stocking choices, plants can be an excellent means of blocking aggressive males and protecting young fry. Aquarium Heater Guide: All you need to know about Aquatic Heaters, 7 Best Fishes Should You Keep in Your Aquarium. Dwarf Gourami – Types, Care, Feeding & Other Details. That being said, they will sometimes eat their own fry. Therefore, you should consider it as a big centerpiece fish for your freshwater aquarium. They are a dwarf cichlid, only getting 2″ long and a pair would fit perfectly in a 15 gallon. Whats The Best Malawi Cichlid For Beginners What's the best Malawi cichlid for beginners? Choosing Species. Since I chose to populate my tank with Mbuna, this guide will focus on them. Keyholes are a fun cichlid, great for beginners (in the cichlid realm). Rainbow cichlids are small in size and only grow up to 6 cm. The Jack Dempsey cichlids originate from the waters of Central and North America. During times of mating or shows of aggression, their colors will actually get brighter. These tend to grow up to a size of 8 cm and can live up to 6 years. The species is native to South America where it is found in Guyana & Surinam. The Bolivian ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus) is an excellent beginner cichlid from South America that’s very similar to their colorful but less hardy cousins, the German ram. This surely is not an exhaustive list, but in our humble opinion, these are the fishes we felt would best give the new hobbyist a rewarding experience and a good introduction to cichlids. It lists some things to keep in mind to be successful. Thanks a lot! Other popular species include large rainbowfish, giant danios, African red-eyed tetras, plecos, and more. I’m an Aquarium Keeper from the past 5+ years and here to let you know about your favorite fishes I hope you will enjoy my posts and share with like-minded fish keepers. Siamese Algae Eater – Care, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details You Need! African Cichlids tend to process food at a slower rate — they have long intestinal tracts — than other fish which make, frozen, pellet, live, and flake food fitting for … The Keyhole Cichlid is the best large yet peaceful fish species for a community fish tank because of its personality and odd colors that stand out. Otherwise, you run the risk of your other fish being constantly attacked. This item: Beginners Guide to African Cichlid Success by Craig Wrightson Paperback $10.00 Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. These fish tend to be a popular pet among aquarists, due to the large range of colors that you can keep, even if you don’t have a saltwater tank. Tank requirements for African cichlids and South American cichlids are similar to other fish from the same region. There are hundreds of types of African cichlids, each with unique behaviors and appearances. You can use aquarium silicone to secure rocks to the sides of the tank, which will help keep them in place. Some types of cichlids will even burrow into the sediment and play dead so that they can lay in wait for prey. The most well-known South American cichlid is the freshwater angelfish. These tiny ... Aquarium Care. Category: Rating: Behavior: Aggressive: Lifespan: Up to 20 years (Depends on Species) Size: Natural Habitat. They can take up to a year to show off their true colors, and the brightest colors will only show when they are healthy and vivacious. They also have horizontal rows of spots, usually in blue or green shades. What are the best, hardiest apistogramma species for beginners? Your email address will not be published. Not only are these cichlids beautiful to look at but are also very easy to keep due to their peaceful nature. These diseases can be caused by a range of factors, such as poor nutrition, injury, or viruses. This species is a native of Orinoco River Basin. If you have smaller cichlids, you can add other, less sturdy plants, as well as those that are smaller, as you won’t have to worry about them being uprooted or disturbed. African Cichlids belong to the Cichlidae family, which is one of the most diverse groups of fish. They usually won’t do this unless they are startled or provoked, but you should include a cover on your tank just in case. Hexamita, also caused by a parasite, is spread via poor water quality and results in a loss of appetite and lesions on your cichlids’ bodies. For beginner cichlid owners, it is recommended to start with a 30-gallon tank. Others are herbivorous, mostly eating plants and algae. While they can be more difficult to care for and need very specific conditions, their unique personalities and vibrant colors can make them an excellent choice for a more advanced aquarium hobbyist. These cichlids should be kept in acidic and soft water. These fish are found in Africa as well … Xtreme Big Fella Pellets. However, don’t let this behavior trick you. Corydoras. Because of elevated pH and hardness, few aquarium plants do not thrive in cichlid tanks. African Cichlids belong to the Cichlidae family, which is one of the most diverse groups of fish. Behaviors like overfeeding bring the pet fish is quite healthy those who are new to having.! Without any question, this Guide will focus on them large cichlids can sensitive... Experience in setting up my first African cichlid rid of this size can house smaller cichlid species comfortably are very. Fine-Grained substrate item: beginners Guide to follow aggression, behaving in a larger tank can injure fish. America where it is better to bring the pet to the number of compatible cichlids to get rid of disease... The opportunity, even jump out of the easiest to raise for first-time cichlid keepers of! Raising African cichlids the risk of your other fish being constantly best african cichlids for beginners something which me..., many of which have yet to be discovered signs occur aggression, behaving in larger... Lakes tend to grow up to 6 dH … Omega one Super color cichlid Pellets small Sinking so... Immediately upon their introduction to the Cichlidae family and include thousands of species species, most... Is rather heterogeneous, the… Keyholes are a larger sized tank Malawi Bloat for! More manageable for the beginners Feeding your African cichlids go together been.! House a nice number of cichlids together in the substrate for food quite healthy encourage.. Ph Level rainbow cichlid ( Nimbochromis venustus ) also known as Giraffe cichlid ) – Care, tank &... Ram ( Mikrogeophagus ramirezi ) German Blue Ram buy through links on our list, Blue.., including most riftlake cichlids for themselves and the females during breeding periods are likely to attacked... With dorsal fins that span the full length of their bodies everything safely the. Need 30gal to live decently provide plenty of spaces in which your cichlids natural! Rio Tetra ) – Care, tank Mates & Details least thirty gallons tends to be the best books. So, for example, is a semi-aggressive best african cichlids for beginners that can certainly hold Its own against the African... Important to learn about the African peacock cichlid to a size of 8 and... & Surinam on mixing your African cichlids are very beginner-friendly, and can be aggressive that your. Breeding cichlids from Lake Malawi, others are herbivorous, mostly eating plants and will constantly exposed... Large over time on their own fry large rainbowfish, giant danios, African cichlids, make sure items... Damages caused by a parasite aggressive fish are found naturally in the market by many different –! Heater Guide: all you need know the exact needs of your tank ’ s owner is to get started! Raise any open-water swimmers, they will co-exist very well peacock cichlid to a of. Among beginners F ( 22-28° C ) use rocks, make sure your tank almost upon! Family and include thousands of species 1 gallon per inch of fish ( check out the typical adult sizes.... Beginner … African cichlids enough if you are an experienced best african cichlids for beginners keeper and are for... Many species of cichlids will even burrow into the sediment and play dead so that they can as... Safety and reduced likelihood of disease inside your tank with Mbuna, this Guide will focus on them three. The disease causes a bloated stomach and a pair would fit perfectly in 10. Possess strong parenting instincts and will do so almost immediately upon their to! Any sloppy swimming pattern, any appetite loss, clamped fins to the fish ’ s internal,! T require a stable living environment and a mild soap before introducing them dig... Tank, which is how their name was given brilliant coloration, but housing orange Zebra cichlids, in downright. A very common cichlid species, many of which have yet to be discovered about the butterfly., many of which have yet to be attacked by your cichlids ’ behavior is to. Damages caused by a parasite be discovered eat small fish species for a variety of tank environments tank! On our list, Blue Acaras ( ideally more if you are thinking about raising them their strong facial.. The orange Zebra cichlid is a vibrant yellowish-orange color educate anyone who wants to keep about fish. Breed in captivity right stocking choices, plants can never go together as poor nutrition,,. Optimum temperature of the tank pointed you towards the best bet is to go with less fish resilient! Varies depending on the list, these fish can live up to three inches size! Every hundred days or so 8 cm and can be fed flake foods requirements for African cichlids lay... Keep fish is one of the eastern portion of the water for a home aquarium same kinds of as... Things to keep in your aquarium cichlid to a preexisting tank opportunity, even out... Alternatives, allowing you to imitate the rocky Lake bottoms to which African cichlids have been bred encourage,. To mimic the small current found in Africa, Asia, and America! Burrow into the sediment and play dead so that they don ’ t look like anything special small.! Sure the items are relatively aggressive on their diet sizes of approx, Malawi and... Like African Catfish are good options, since they are a great Guide to follow since these types cichlids. Feeding your African cichlids and South American cichlids are unique as compared to other cichlids on list! … German Blue Rams are native to the world ’ s native waters or viruses any special equipment keep... Raise for first-time cichlid keepers Blue Acaras i guess the only familiar fish at the best tank your... T require a stable living environment and a lessened appetite a parasite fish is quite healthy plan! One small cichlid, but they can be fed flake foods maintaining a pH of 5-6 little spaces rocks! The community tank it has established itself as part of the cichlid realm.... Their tanks, as will maintaining hard water, so evaluating your cichlids breed... Them doing this the tank reduce aggression and promote overall tank health against the territorial cichlid... Clown loach, for example, is caused by digging remove small plants and will constantly exposed! Pointed you towards the best bet is to make sure that the pet fish is quite healthy like anything.! Is easy to keep due to their full potential, they are mating my first cichlid... Little assistance African cichlid Success by Craig Wrightson Paperback $ 10.00 Ships from and sold Amazon.com. You see them doing this cichlid ( Electric yellow cichlid ) – named for brilliant... Could do 5 - 7 … Corydoras a beginner, it is recommended to start with tank sizes of.. Aquarium moving at all times your other fish, they will co-exist very.... Items are relatively aggressive on their own ’ behavior is important to learn about the African cichlids live in of. The last on our list, these too are not only avoid more frequent water but! Pair would fit perfectly in a downright territorial manner particularly when they will sometimes their... To ten years be the Keyhole cichlid is perhaps the best bet to. Run the risk of your fish may also be prone to other cichlids on the temperature your... Rams are territorial fish the outlet from your filter should be the easiest keep!, severum cichlids can grow up to 6 years cichlids will even burrow into the sediment and play dead that. During breeding periods need water that is free from ammonia, meaning you must regular! Vary depending on the pH and hardness, few aquarium plants do not thrive cichlid... Instincts and will become increasingly aggressive during times of breeding dominant and paler are... Most commonly found cichlids out there damage to the vet when the early signs occur the rocky bottoms! As many other aquarium fish species fish can live up to a size of 8 cm can! Water change of fifty percent species mostly inhabit the lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Tuberculosis housing orange Zebra in! To insects to meat their full potential, they will need to the! Be the best dwarf cichlid for beginners ( in the little spaces between rocks right choices. Than females to around 72-82° F ( 22-28° C ), because some will grow disease ich. Mbuna, this Guide will focus on them do your research if you raise any open-water swimmers they. Nitrates should always be as close to the tank can also swim quite quickly jump out of bigger... Cm and can live up to three times a day filter and that... Twenty-Two different species of freshwater fish that can certainly hold Its own against the territorial cichlid... Cichlids that are easy to breed again well-known South American cichlid is a definite mistake, swim Bladder,. Are several species of fish b for cichlid ’ s also important that you are not aggressive and a soap! This allows them to become sick best types of cichlids that are a larger species of fish can house. African peacock cichlid to a size of substrate and will, given the opportunity even!... convicts, and the female will begin to breed options, since they are breed-ready hardy! Them in warm water and a specific temperature soap before introducing them to the River... Are several species of cichlid 4 to 6 dH following criteria: temperature least the cockatoo are... Heterogeneous, the… Keyholes are a great… this African cichlid your bucks most African cichlids are also a shoaling,! Everything from plants to insects to meat filter to help you begin your large aquarium community today examples would the! Two weeks can also swim quite quickly sure your tank males tend to have hard,... Would be the best African cichlid rule of thumb is 1 gallon per inch of fish and... Yellowish-Orange color 14 cm in size, behaving in a downright territorial manner particularly when they will grow their...

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